12 Types of Cannabinoids

Image by Jirapong Pnngjiam from Pixabay

1965 scientists find the first cannabinoid, a chemical secreted by the cannabis plant. It wasn't until 1988 when a group of scientists discovered the endocannabinoid system.  What is an endocannabinoid system? The endocannabinoid system is a sophisticated group of neuromodulator receptors and signaling pathways that regulate a various physiological processes such as mood, memory, pain, appetite and movement. If it wasn’t for these interactions, cannabis and CBD wouldn’t be the medical miracles doctors and patients are finding cannabis to be.

Here's a list of 12 different cannabinoids found:

CBC - Cannabichromene

  • Non-psychoactive

  • Potential medicinal value: pain and inflammation, maintaining brain homeostasis, neural stem progenitor cells (NSPCs), acne, alzheimer's, depression, bacterial growth inhibitor, bone growth promotion, and antiproliferative

CBCA - Cannabichromenate

  • When CBCA is aged or decarboxylated it breaks down to CBC, CBL, and CBLA

  • Potential medicinal values: tumor shrinkage, antiproliferative, anti-fungal, and anti-inflammatory

CBD - Cannabidiol

  • Non-psychoactive

  • Potential medicinal values: pain relief, reduce inflammation, appetite stimulator, nausea, psychosis relief, epilepsy, muscle spasms, blood sugar homeostasis, nervous system degeneration prevention, psoriasis treatment, reduces artery blockage, kills/slows bacterial growth, inhibits cancer growth, and promotes bone growth

CBDA - Cannabidiolic acid

  • Non-psychoactive

  • Potential medicinal values: antiproliferative and reduces inflammation

CBDV - Cannabidivarin

  • Non-psychoactive

  • Potential medicinal values: anticonvulsant and epilepsy management

CBGA - Cannabigerolic acid

  • Precursor to three major cannabinoids: tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA), cannabidiolic acid (CBDA), and cannabichromenic acid (CBCA)

  • Potential medicinal values: pain relief, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and anti-proliferative (inhibits cancer cell growth)

CBG - Cannabigerol

  • Non-psychoactive

  • Potential medicinal values: pain relief, inflammation reduction, inhibits bacterial growth, anti-fungal, and promotes bone growth

CBN - Cannabinol

  • Mildly psychoactive

  • Potential medicinal values: pain relief, muscle spasm suppression, and sedative

THC - Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol

  • Psychoactive

  • Potential medicinal values: Pain relief, appetite stimulator, nausea, and antispasmodic

THCA - Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid

  • After harvest and even more after decarboxylation THCA converts to THC

  • Potential medicinal values: Inflammation reducer, seizure reduction, and inhibits cell proliferation

THCP - Tetrahydrocannabiphorol

  • Psychoactive

  • Potential medicinal values: hypomotility, analgesia, catalepsy, and decreased rectal temperature

THCV - Tetrahydrocannabivarin

  • Psychoactive

  • Potential medicinal values: appetite suppression, seizure suppression, lowers blood sugar, and promotes bone growth

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